Contextual experiences are invaluable to broaden one’s perspective and retain knowledge. In today’s era where everything is reduced to 140 characters and attention spans are shorter due to information overflow, the theory of learning curve (graphical representation of how an increase in learning comes from greater experience; how the more someone performs a task, the better they get at it)by Hermann Ebbinghaus, pioneer of experimental study of memory stands tall than ever before.

Rote learning is already being replaced by ‘Learning by Doing’ which focuses on problem solving, critical thinking and decision making; essential skills of the 21st century. Knowledge results from the combination of grasping experience and transforming it and the Experiential Learning Model (ELM) developed by Kolb and Ron Fry in the early 1970s, is founded on this belief. It talks of 

Experience (doing/having an experience), followed by
Observe (reviewing/reflecting on experience), then applying
Conceptualise (concluding/learning from the experience) and finally
Experiment (planning/trying out what you have learned)

Learning, like driving, cannot be learned by reading about it. ELM not only accelerates learning, it bridges the gap between theory and real-world, delivers exceptional RoI over traditional learning programs, all by means of increased engagement leading to high level of retention. It is important for a balance to exist between the experiential activities and the underlying content or theory for mistakes to become constructivist learning.

For the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them.

Aristotle

From the point of view of educational innovation, a question exists on what has happened to it and what experiential learning stands for? The prevalent didactic stance in which teachers convey their knowledge with focus on their students is to blame, despite the fact that experiential education has its origins since the 1970s and has gone through several iterations, enlivened teaching and remedied its focus on intellectual understanding of the students. In my view there is more focused around the participant and not enough on the instructor who facilitates the leap to self-determination. Yes, it is true that in experiential learning, the learner is the self-teacher but the instructor is equally important in establishing concrete vision, providing process tools and ensuring there is engagement in purposeful endeavours. Experiential learning needs to be backed by practical learning to deliver the intended objective. Experiential learning is more that what we have seen. 

Experiential learning opportunities were the chief difference between the 35% of adults who launched into their careers immediately after college and the rest who didn’t.

– Harvard Business Review, May 2016

The power of experiential learning can help develop skills in academic, social, civic, personal, ethical and career developments. In the classroom, experiential learning takes the form of inquiry, problem-based and project-based learning, outside the classroom, experimental learning takes the form of activities, in the community, experiential learning is learning through service and in the workforce, experiential learning evolves beyond jobs and careers. We need to continue to find new ways to create experiential learning opportunities and promote them as it is the new norm for the future generations.

Technological innovations have lend a huge helping hand in bridging the generation gap between the educators and providing new age learning methods. Machine learning and AI can further play a pivotal role reducing this gap. Learning is an individualised process and needs to be backed by the right kind of technology to add value.

Experiential learning leverages the intimate link between knowledge and experience, and is defined by the qualities it imparts on its learners, thus analysing the process itself is equally critical. Learning analytics & educational data mining are crucial components to enhancing the quality of learning. Only when we collect and analyse data can we get insights on the problems, predict patterns and enable effective decision-making. Experiential learning will not only prepare the future workforce generations but also produce new generation of instructors to further establish the Experiential Learning Model (ELM).

When it comes to the systematic acquisition of knowledge and skills, experiential learning has a long tradition, having proved itself over time to be the most effective. Change is challenging and leaders must take an active role.

*published Silicon India Startup City magazine – May 2019

Posted by:Jimit Dattani

Intrapreneurial technology professional offering over 16 years of experience in delivering strategic business initiatives. Possess powerful blend of technology vision and business acumen results in consistent development of powerful business strategies supported by cost-effective, high-performance IT infrastructures and applications. Expertise in product architecture & design, project life cycle management, client & vendor relationship and financial & operational management. Extensive experience in complex solution design covering cloud-based applications; design, development and rollout of robust, scalable and secure products. Engineered turnaround of IT performance and service levels; transformed IT into a strategic business partner; delivered multiple large scale projects on time and within budget involving budgeting, design and support of all technologies. Front-led projects on design & delivery of strategic IT transformation plans and operating models that enabled revenue growth, reduced costs and streamlined operations to ensure competitiveness.

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